Bacteria and viruses are two different microorganisms. They have differences in their structure, function, and reproduction. Hence you will see a lot of differences between these two. Here we will explain how are viruses different from bacteria’s apexes. They both have different shapes and structures. Yet both are important to the living organism. Some bacteria cause disease and some help in the living process of humans.
The same goes for viruses. These two microorganisms are not completely different from each other. They have some similarities too. So here we will discuss more about the differences between bacteria and viruses.
Table of Contents
Origin and Structure of bacteria and viruses
Talking about the origin and structure of bacteria and viruses. bacteria are unicellular microorganisms and have a very simple structure their structure containing things that help them in living. Like, contain a cell membrane, plasma, DNA, and RNA. Theta is found in different shapes as well. Some of the shapes of bacteria are:
Now talking about the viruses. These are acellular microorganisms. And their main content is their genetic part. They do not contain both RNA and DNA together like bacteria. You can find only one of these in viruses. Other than this they have a protein coat. Viruses depend on their host for survival. So they lack the contents that help them survive.
Reproduction of bacteria and viruses
The main difference between these two microorganisms is in the pattern of reproduction. Bacteria reproduce through binary fission. In this, a bacteria divides into two identical daughter cells after having favorable conditions. This is the reason a bacteria grows at a much faster rate than any other microorganism.
A virus does not have those contents that are required for self-reproduction. So they depend on their host for reproduction as well. They release their genetic material in the host cells. Now a hist cell gives a favorable environment to that genetic material. Which in turn infects the cell and makes it burst open. Resulting in the production of more viruses inside the host body.
Impact on Health
Both bacteria and viruses have different effects on the health of a human. With the help of symptoms, you can guess if you are infected by a virus or bacteria. Many bacteria are good for the human body.
And some of these bacteria are consumed by humans through food. Some bacteria are found inside the human body as well. These definitely help in strengthening the compromised immune system. A perfect example of a bacterial disease is tuberculosis.
Viruses initiate very infectious diseases. Some of the common examples of virus-initiated diseases are HIV, AIDS, COVID (Coroavirus), and more. Viruses that generate disease are more complicated and the only solution to treat these is the use of vaccines. They have a strong strength in reproduction. So once they have entered the host body they start to reproduce as soon as possible.
Antibiotic Susceptibility of bacteria and viruses
Antibiotic medications are used to treat bacterial infections. However, if you want to cure virus infection with antibiotics then it will not be possible. Because antibiotics are non-functional on viruses. It is because antibiotics work on specific bacteria only. If you want to treat viruses generated disease then you have to give a vaccine to the patient.
In conclusion, here is how are viruses different from bacteria’s apexes. These two are completely different microorganisms. You can not compare bacteria and viruses. Not every bacteria is a bacteria. But not every virus is a good virus. So bacteria can be helpful for the human body. But viruses are here only to infect their host.
Hence most of the disease comes from viruses. Also, it is very easy to treat bacterial diseases. Because you can use antibiotics for that. But the same will not go with viruses. This guide will help you understand the main difference between bacteria and viruses.